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Peru Project

We are currently trying to help a community outside of the capital of Peru (Lima). Due to the complete lack of sanitation facilities and clean water, communicable disease is prevalent in this area. The people work very hard to obtain clean water; however, they don't know how to properly use their resources. We hope to provide this small community in Peru with wells and proper sanitation conveniences.

Peru's History

Peru, officially known as the Republic of Peru, is located in the western part of South America. Peru has been the home of many prominent Andean civilizations throughout history, but the most famous is the Incan Empire. In 1533, the Incas were taken captive by the Spanish conquistadors and Peruvian independence was not declared until 1821. The final battles and Spanish forces were defeated in 1824. Finally, in 1980, Peru returned to a democratic leadership after several years of military rule, but dealt with some economic problems and internal rebellions through the years. In 1990, Albert Fujimori’s election to President brought ten years of economic growth and exceptional progress in reducing guerilla activity. President Fujimori was ousted in 2000 and a new government oversaw the new elections in 2001. Alejandro Toledo became Peru’s first democratically elected president of Native American ethnicity. In 2006, Alan Garcia returned to the presidency with guarantees to improve Peru’s social and economic conditions.

Peru Facts

Location: Western South America, bordering the South Pacific Ocean, between Chile and Ecuador

Geographic Coordinates: 10 00 S, 76 00 W

total: 1, 285,220 sq km
land: 1.28 million sq km
water: 5,220 sq km

Comparative area: slightly smaller than Alaska

Climate: varies from tropical in east to dry desert in west; temperate to frigid in Andes

Natural Resources: copper, silver, gold, petroleum, timber, fish, iron ore, coal, phosphate, potash, hydropower, natural gas

Natural Hazards: earthquakes, tsunamis, flooding, landslides, mild volcanic activity

Population: 28,674,757 (July 2007 est.)

Nationality: Peruvian(s)

Ethnic Groups: Amerindian 45%, mestizo (mixed Amerindian and white) 37%, white 15%, black, Japanese, Chinese, and other 3%

Languages: Spanish (official), Quechua (official), Aymara, and a large number of minor Amazonian languages

Government Type: constitutional republic

Capital: Lima

Independence Day: 28 July 1821 (from Spain)

Population below poverty line: 54% (2003 est.)

Agriculture-products: asparagus, coffee, cotton, sugarcane, rice, potatoes, corn, plantains, grapes, oranges, coca; poultry, beef, dairy products; fish, guinea pigs

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